NSG 2008 vs NSG 2016: Why they ended differently
Hindustan Times | June 28, 2016
“They don’t want to permanently entrench Pakistan’s exclusion from the NSG by admitting India without agreeing to a set of rules that would eventually admit Pakistan too,” says Andrew Small, subcontinental analyst at the German Marshall Fund and author of The China-Pakistan Axis.
Anti-India or Pro-Pakistan? Behind China's NSG Veto
Hindustan Times | June 26, 2016
“Pakistan has been the surprising pace-setter in Xi Jinping’s Belt and Road initiative, and over the last year Chinese intellectuals have taken to describing the country as China’s ‘one real ally’, with the relationship a ‘model to follow’…Standing up for Pakistan now is not only about the bilateral relationship but also about China’s reliability as a partner.”
Brexit deals a grievous blow to the international order
Financial Times | June 24, 2016
Andrew Small, a scholar at the German Marshall Fund of the US, puts it well: “Every Asian economy has banked on Britain as its gateway to the EU, a phrase echoed publicly and privately by senior officials from all sides.”
Mother China: A 'Chinese revolution' sweeps across Pakistan
Herald | May 30, 2016 [originally published, August 2015, print edition]
Andrew Small has been looking at this love affair as a fellow with the Asia programme at the German Marshall Fund of the United States for years. He has recently published a well-received book, The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics
China's dream of a new Silk Road runs into hurdles at its first stop: Pakistan
LA Times | May 25, 2016
In the past, China might have been deterred by such local controversies, but in this case, the allies’ goals are aligned, said Andrew Small, author of “The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics.” “China is pushing extremely hard for these projects to be turned around quickly,” Small said. “The fact that you have some additional political momentum in Pakistan to get some big, demonstrable projects done before the election in 2018 — I’m not sure China minds.”
Obama Rolls the Dice With Killing of Taliban Chief
Foreign Policy | May 23, 2016
“The strike would never have taken place if there were any prospects for peace talks coming together in the near term,” said Andrew Small, a fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States. “The fact that it happened is a reflection of how much people had given up on this coming together this year.”
President Mukherjee’s China visit comes amid irritants in ties
Hindustan Times | May 23, 2016
“Beijing has a history of blocking sanctions against Pakistan-based militants at the UN. So although the Masood Azhar case has attracted a higher profile, it’s of a piece with what China has been doing for years. The same is true of the NSG,” Andrew Small from the US-based German Marshall Fund said.
Pakistan army chief’s Beijing visit heightens US, India jitters
Financial Times | May 17, 2016
Andrew Small, an expert on China Pakistan relations at the German Marshall Fund, said it was reasonable to expect some sort of basing arrangement “Having crossed the threshold with the Djibouti [in the Horn of Africa] deal, Pakistan would be a very obvious choice, and it appears that the PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy) views it that way.”
China isn't quite the economic headache presidential candidates want it to be
Foreign Policy | April 14, 2016
The harsh U.S. political rhetoric isn't lost on Chinese leaders, said Andrew Small, a China expert at the German Marshall Fund. But he said Beijing knows the criticism is as much noise as substance. "China is an easier target to blame for job losses," Small told FP.
China Moves Closer to Afghan Security Role
Bloomberg | April 11, 2016
Its latest moves go further, said Andrew Small, a research fellow at the Washington-based German Marshall Fund and author of The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics. "Military aid and military cooperation with Afghanistan is a step above their previous diplomatic and economic support," Small said. "If the situation there does not stabilize, the direct threats from Afghanistan look more concerning, in addition to the implications for China’s broader security and economic interests in the region."
Chinese-Pakistani Project Tries to Overcome Jihadists, Droughts and Doubts
WSJ | April 10, 2016
China is also deploying infrastructure firepower elsewhere in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. But the Pakistan initiative is the most ambitious in scale and complexity, said Andrew Small, author of “The China-Pakistan Axis.” “The question is whether China can pull off the same trick away from home turf,” said Mr. Small.
China Offers Afghanistan Army Expanded Military Aid
WSJ | March 9, 2016
“The Chinese have been willing to continue this level of coordination with the U.S. despite other irritants,” said Andrew Small, author of “The China-Pakistan Axis” and fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the U.S. “Particularly with the Taliban talks process,” he added, “the sense is that the two sides have very specific roles to play in pushing various parties along.”
Talks Between Afghan Government and Taliban to Begin March
AP | February 23, 2016
"Their close, longstanding security relationship gives China unique leverage but there are also positive incentives," said Andrew Small, an expert on China's relationships with Pakistan and Afghanistan, and author of "The China-Pakistan Axis." China's multi-billion dollar development plans for Pakistan, through the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, require a "stable neighborhood," Small said. "China's presence at the talks is also a reassurance that Pakistan's interests will be looked after in any settlement — they're a trusted partner and it reduces the Pakistani anxiety about deals being done behind their back."
It Made China See Red | Meeting Pakistan's Maulana Mohammad Abdul Aziz
Indian Express | Al Jazeera In Depth | February 4, 2016
Andrew Small, in his book The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics, tells the story few in Pakistan know.
Podcast and book profile by Elizabeth Economy at the Council on Foreign Relations
February 4, 2016
"In just two hundred beautifully written pages, Andrew takes the reader behind the scenes of this relatively opaque relationship to explore not only the traditional issues of India and nuclear politics but also the emerging intricacies of the relationship...Given the ever-growing importance of both China and Pakistan in world affairs, understanding the nuances of their relationship should matter to people well beyond the narrow realm of Asia scholars and analysts. Andrew’s book is a brilliant and bargain tutorial."
Interview with The News on Sunday
Special Edition on China-Pakistan Economic Corridor | January 25, 2016
"The scheme is very large and very ambitious, so it is unsurprising that some provinces want to ensure that they get as much benefit as possible. None of China’s previous investments were on this scale so there simply wasn’t as much to fight over."
Xi eyes multiple goals on Middle East visit
Straits Times | January 19, 2016
"Beijing is looking to work more closely with the countries that have influence over the situation on the ground [in Syria]", noted Small.
Xi's delicate balancing act in the Middle East
DW | January 18, 2016
Small added, China is still cautious about taking on a serious political role in the Middle East, and this is "neither a situation where the two parties involved in the feud are soliciting Beijing's help as a broker, nor one where it has much leverage to do so either."
Is Xi Jinping the man to defuse tensions in the Middle East? Landmark visit to Iran and Saudi Arabia revealed
SCMP | January 15, 2016
“If they had their choice, I think the Chinese side would rather that Xi wasn’t going at a time of such sensitivity, but it was getting to a point where the trip could just end up being delayed endlessly”.
China, the missing piece to the Pakistan puzzle?
The Hindu | January 14, 2016
"In his superb discourse of the relationship in his recent book, The China-Pakistan Axis, Andrew Small gives a detailed account of the Chinese role in forcing General Pervez Musharraf to withdraw troops during the Kargil war (1999), its push for peace during Operation Parakram (2001-2002), and its Vice Foreign Minister’s “shuttle diplomacy” after the Mumbai attacks."
Pakistan: Incentives Will Bring Taliban to Peace Talks
WSJ | January 11, 2016
“Afghanistan sees a virtually unique alignment between the U.S. and China on a traditional foreign policy issue,” said Mr. Small. “That’s based on a clear sense of mutual interests.”
La paix en Afghanistan passe par la Chine
Le Figaro | January 11, 2016
"Dans ce contexte, beaucoup pensaient que le processus de paix sous l'égide du Pakistan était mort et enterré. Le fait que les deux pays s'assoient autour d'une table pour relancer le dialogue avec les talibans est déjà un succès", juge Andrew Small, auteur d'un ouvrage remarqué sur l'axe sino-pakistanais
China seeking to link Iran to its New Silk Road
Deutsche Welle | December 15, 2015
"Despite a standing invitation, Chinese President Xi Jinping has yet to visit Iran, partly because of the political sensitivities about heading to Tehran before a trip to Saudi Arabia," Andrew Small, a fellow with the Asia program of German Marshall Fund of the United States, told DW.
Lunch with BS: Andrew Small
Business Standard | December 11, 2015
The writer of "The China Pakistan Axis: Asia's New Geopolitics'' talks to Archis Mohan about China's engagement with Taliban and why huge Chinese investment in Pakistan is good news for India
A Costly Corridor - How China and Pakistan Could Remake Asia
Foreign Affairs | December 3, 2015
China has long had the capacity to operate as an important strategic actor in what India perceives to be its backyard in South Asia,” Small told me. “China is still ahead—as a far larger economy and military power—but the tendency is towards a growing mutual capacity to influence the other side’s strategic environment.”
Can Beijing Sell Silk Road as a Marshall Plan Against Terror?
WSJ | December 1, 2015
"In his book “The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics,” the Central Asia specialist Andrew Small describes how China has skillfully kept Islamic militants across the border at bay, in spite of its harsh treatment of its Muslim minority. China’s pitch to them, he writes: “Don’t bother us and we won’t bother you.”"
Changing World Order and New Conflicts
The Nation | November 29, 2015
"The subject of the discussion was “World Order and Conflict” and the three keynote speakers were Andrew Small, Hina Rabbani Khar, and Vladimir Boyoko ... Andrew Small commented on the US-China relations and shed some light on the ongoing contest between the two countries over East Asia."
Beijing Vows Justice After IS Executes Chinese National
VOA | November 19, 2015
“ISIS really is the most serious new terrorist threat that China has had to face, arguably for decades,” said Andrew Small, a Transatlantic Fellow at the George Marshall Fund of the United States. “They are clearly worried in a very different way and I think that is echoed in their public statements and in private from a lot of their CT [counter-terrorism] people.”
Britain's Courting of China Raises Concerns Among its Allies
Time Magazine | October 21, 2015
“It is probably the most comprehensive push by any Western country on commercial ties with China, at the expense of any of the other considerations,” says Andrew Small, a transatlantic fellow in the Asia program at the German Marshall Fund in Washington.
Thank You For Being a Friend - China and Pakistan's almost alliance
Foreign Affairs | October 15, 2015
As the German Marshall Fund’s Andrew Small notes in his book, The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics, the Karakoram Highway “would have been killed off quickly if its economic value had been the only thing going for it [and] . . . its direct military utility is questionable.”
Afghanistan: An Opportunity for U.S.–China Cooperation?
The National Interest | October 12, 2015
China’s aloof approach to the country since the U.S. and NATO intervention began, as Andrew Small has noted, has been dictated by a conflicted mindset: “China sat out the conflict in Afghanistan. It wanted neither a Western victory that might entrench a U.S. military presence in its backyard, nor a Taliban victory that would pose risks to Xinjiang and the wider region. As a result, its financial and political contributions to Afghanistan were at best tokenistic, the minimum necessary to avoid alienating anyone.”
Pakistan testing ground for One Belt
China Daily | October 10, 2015
Andrew Small talks about Pakistan’s relationship with China under the umbrella of China’s One Belt One Road policy at Asia Society Texas Center on Monday in Houston - talk write-up.
China Delivery Services Scrutinized After Parcel Bomb Blasts
VOA | October 2, 2015
“Chinese authorities have been eager to describe many violent incidents as terrorists attacks. Given that, I think there is less chance this was the work of terrorists. But the methodology used could be a cause of worry,” said Andrew Small, terrorism expert and Transatlantic Fellow at The German Marshall Fund of the United States.
Will Xi Jinping yield to US demands on the Economy?
Foreign Policy | September 24, 2015
“China has an increasingly problematic reputation because of Xi’s economic management,” Andrew Small, a China expert at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, told FP. “China is more on [its] back foot on some of the economic issues. That might put [it] under more pressure to push ahead on reforms promised by Xi.”
4 issues where Obama and China's Xi may clash
USA Today | September 22, 2015
Xi would like a U.S. commitment to include China’s currency among the International Monetary Fund's reserve currencies, which would be a major sign of confidence in China’s economy, Pei said. The United States wants such a step to include a Chinese commitment to greater transparency of its economy, said Andrew Small, another analyst at the German Marshall Fund.
China has a plan to take over Central Asia - and America loves it
Foreign Policy | September 18, 2015
“Chinese officials see a political settlement in Afghanistan as the only surefire way to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for Uighur militants and a destabilizing force across the wider region,” said Andrew Small, a China-Pakistan expert at the German Marshall Fund. Fear of such destabilization has suddenly awakened Beijing’s interest in diplomacy. “No country has been a more active and enthusiastic supporter of reconciliation talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government than China,” said Small.
What to expect from the SCO and BRICS summits
Deutsche Welle | July 6, 2015
"...In fact, China will be looking to consolidate support for its ambitious Silk Road schemes, the so-called "One Belt, One Road Initiative" which composes Chinese President Xi Jinping's signature foreign policy initiative, as Andrew Small, a fellow with the Asia program of German Marshall Fund of the United States, told DW. "Many of the new financing instruments that the summits will showcase are going to be directly involved in these plans, and a number of the infrastructure projects under discussion will fall under the auspices of the scheme. The SCO's members and observers compose almost all the important countries along the land routes running from China to Europe, making it the ideal setting for many of these discussions.""
L’Inde et la Chine, rivaux historiques et partenaires obligés
Le Monde | May 15, 2015
"...Mais il représente aussi des points positifs, note le chercheur Andrew Small, auteur de The China-Pakistan Axis : Asia’s New Geopolitics (L’Axe Chine-Pakistan ou la nouvelle géopolitique asiatique), publié début 2015 par Oxford University : « Les retombées économiques du couloir Chine-Pakistan et les pressions chinoises sur le Pakistan devraient amener ce pays à jouer un rôle plus retenu et même constructif. Or, un Pakistan politiquement et économiquement plus “normal” devient aussi un voisin plus gérable pour l’Inde », nous écrit-il dans un courriel. « Les relations entre l’Inde et la Chine, estime le chercheur, ont en commun avec les relations Chine-Etats-Unis que les motifs de coopération et de compétition semblent augmenter en même temps. » Et, poursuit-il, « à la fois Xi Jinping et Narendra Modi semblent être à l’aise avec ce paradoxe »."
Where oceans, mountains and honey meet
China Daily | May 15, 2015
Profile of Andrew and his relationship with China.
Doubts rise on Xi's promises to Pakistan
Times of India | April 21, 2015
"...Andrew Small, author of the recent book, "Pakistan-China axis", has argued that China has kept very little of its pledges for assistance made to Pakistan in the past."
It takes two to tango
Express Tribune | April 21, 2015
"...As Andrew Small very rightly said in his book The China-Pakistan Axis: ‘In Pakistan, political leaders have often been eager to dress up tentative plans between the two sides as firm agreements, and to portray Chinese backing for their position as far stronger than exists in reality.’"
Chinese dragon wants a Pakistani tiger neighbor (in Dutch)
De Standard | April 21, 2015
"...De Chinese president Xi Jinping tekent in Pakistan contracten voor infrastructuurprojecten die in totaal bijna 50 miljard dollar waard zijn. Een supersnelweg moet China een strategische toegang tot de Indische Oceaan bieden."
Analysts: For Washington, Stability Trumps Rivalry in Pakistan
Voice of America | April 21, 2015
"...According to Andrew Small, a trans-Atlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund and author of “The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics,” Pakistan’s recent military operation had Chinese concerns in mind. “The operation that the Pakistani army launched in North Waziristan, Zarb-e-Azb, I think, was partly conceived with the East Turkestan Islamic Movement [in mind],” Small said. He was referring to a group that is seeking independence for the Xinjiang region in China, home to a sizable Muslim population."
Xi visits will strengthen Chinese influence in Pakistan (in Spanish)
El Pais | April 21, 2015
"...Según Andrew Small, autor del libro The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia´s New Geopolitics (El Eje China-Pakistán: La Nueva Geopolítica Asiática), China pretende “ayudar a estabilizar su socio más cercano, Pakistán, sobre el que Pekín ha estado cada vez más preocupado en los últimos años”. Asimismo, busca desarrollar conexiones fiables por tierra con el Índico; estimular el crecimiento económico en su interior, en momentos de ralentización, y enviar al extranjero su exceso de capacidad."
As America pivots away, China bets on Pakistan
Nikkei Asian Review | April 21, 2015
"...As Pakistan's Planning Minister, Ahsan Iqbal, said before Xi's visit, "If we become the bridge between these three engines of growth, we will be able to carve out a large economic bloc of about 3 billion living in this part of the world ... nearly half the planet." Expansive as that vision is, China's ambitions for Pakistan go beyond it -- in part because they are about much more than Pakistan itself. As the German Marshall Fund's Andrew Small writes in his excellent new book, The China-Pakistan Axis: "Pakistan is a central part of China's transition from a regional power to a global one. The country lies at the heart of Beijing's plans for a network of ports, pipelines, roads, and railways connecting the oil and gas fields of the Middle East to the mega-cities of East Asia. Its coastline is becoming a crucial staging post for China's takeoff as a naval power, extending its reach from the Indian Ocean to the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea. "Penetration by Pakistan's intelligence services into the darkest corners of global jihadi networks are a vital asset to China as it navigates its growing interests in the Islamic world, and seeks to choke off support for the militant activities that pose one of the gravest threats to China's internal stability.""
China pledges $46 billion for Pakistan, but will Beijing deliver?
The Interpreter | April 21, 2015
"...Like all large Chinese financing announcements, though, we should be wary of counting the chickens before they hatch. Many previous pledges of support have not been delivered. According to a RAND study (cited by Andrew Small in his book The China Pakistan Axis), of the $66 billion of financial assistance China pledged to Pakistan from 2001 to 2011, a mere 6% actually eventuated. As I've noted before, it is crucial to follow the money and not assume that announcements of Chinese largesse will all end up happening."
Security fears for China-Pakistan corridor as Xi ends visit
AFP | April 21, 2015
"...Andrew Small, author of "The China-Pakistan Axis", said China's recent experience of working in Pakistan had given it a good idea of which projects could proceed in spite of security worries. "China is certainly not completely confident that all the projects will be protected, but they think these security problems are one of the main reasons that it's so important that they move ahead, for the sake of Pakistan's stability," he told AFP. Even if not all the projects envisaged in the corridor plan went ahead, Small said, "the scale is so large that it should still have a major economic impact regardless". And while the Chinese projects dwarf an American assistance package to Pakistan of $5 billion that began in 2010, Small said Beijing was not interested in supplanting Washington in the region, preferring to see the US maintain its support."
Can China's Investments Bring Peace to Pakistan?
The Diplomat | April 21, 2015
"...as Andrew Small, author of The China-Pakistan Axis, points out, it’s precisely because of these security concerns that China is so committed to developing the region. “China is certainly not completely confident that all the projects will be protected, but they think these security problems are one of the main reasons that it’s so important that they move ahead, for the sake of Pakistan’s stability,” he told AFP. Unrest in Pakistan has a negative influence on China’s own security, particularly in Xinjiang. Beijing hopes that by boosting economic development, it ban bring stability to its neighbor."
What China’s and Pakistan’s special friendship means
Washington Post | April 21, 2015
"...As Andrew Small, an expert on China-Pakistan relations at the German Marshall Fund in Washington, writes, it would be an oversimplification to see China's expanding role in Pakistan as just a challenge to a U.S.-India consensus that's emerged in recent years. China, after all, likely values its bilateral relations with the U.S. and India as much — and likely more — than its ties with Pakistan. While China has a more assertive stance in East Asia — its backyard — it's playing a different game to the west. China's recent offer to help mediate talks with the Taliban in Afghanistan, Small notes, marks a real departure from decades when Beijing's official policy has been that of non-interference in the politics of other countries."
China invests billions in Pakistan for new Silk Road
Al Jazeera | April 20, 2015
"...“This will put China much more center stage politically in Pakistan than ever before,” said Andrew Small, the author of the book “The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics.” Traditionally, he said, “The economic dimension of the relationship has been thin.” With the exception of a few road projects, the numbers — including bilateral trade figures — have been quite small when compared with the rest of the region. “Now they are adding a serious economic dynamic to a relationship that has always been a security-based relationship,” added Small, who is a transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund think tank in Washington, D.C. ... For the Chinese, Small said, counterterrorism is central to the relationship and to bringing stability to their western periphery. “It’s about stability in Pakistan itself, Afghanistan in the wider picture and safe havens in Pakistan’s tribal areas that have served as training bases and sources of ideological inspiration for militants from China’s Xinjiang province,” he said. ... “The Chinese are willing to press ahead despite these risks [in Baluchistan],” Small said. Although the plans could be derailed by security problems, he added, they could help stabilize the country economically and politically. ... “The Chinese still see the Pakistanis as playing a counterbalancing role,” Small said, referring to how Pakistan has played a subsidiary role in the India-China rivalry. “But they want Pakistan to be stable and at peace with major powers.”"
China-Pakistan economic corridor route caused controversy in Pakistan (Chinese)
Voice of America | April 20, 2015
"...德国马歇尔基金会的中巴问题专家安德鲁·斯茂（Andrew Small）刚刚出版了《中巴轴线》The China-Pakistan Axis一书。他说，这条经济走廊对中国来说意义重大。 斯茂说：“中巴经济走廊被中国形容为海上丝绸之路的旗舰工程。中国的一带一路是习近平外交政策的招牌，这条走廊将把中国内陆同欧洲市场及中东能源供给连接起来。”"
China's Xi launches $46 billion investment plan in Pakistan
AFP | April 20, 2015
"...Andrew Small, author of "The China-Pakistan Axis", a new book on the two countries' relations, said that for Beijing, the corridor project offers a means of driving growth in China's interior and helping stabilise Xinjiang at a time when fears of militancy are growing. Opening up the Arabian Sea also diversifies China's maritime trade routes, reducing what Beijing sees as to be vulnerabilities in specific choke-points such as the Malacca Straits, Small told AFP."
Corridor of power: Xi Jinping arrives, bearing gifts
Economist | April 20, 2015
"...It all sounds too good to be true from Pakistan’s point of view, and it probably is. As a recent book by Andrew Small (“The China-Pakistan Axis”) makes clear, economic interactions between China and Pakistan have a history of ending in disappointment. Gwadar was opened with great fanfare in 2007 but remains something of a white elephant. And even the strongest symbol of Sino-Pakistani economic co-operation, the Karakoram Highway—the “eighth wonder of the world”, climbing to over 15,000 feet (4,500 metres)—has been impassable since 2010, when a landslide blocked part of it, and is not expected to be cleared until this September."
China and Pakistan launch economic corridor plan worth $46 billion
Reuters | April 20, 2015
"...Despite Chinese-U.S. competition for influence across Asia, they share interests in Pakistan. Both want a stable government fighting militancy, said Andrew Small, author of a book on China-Pakistan relations. "China would like U.S. support for Pakistan to continue, in terms of aid, selling arms, and other support," Small told Reuters."
Economic Corridor project to benefit Silk Route development
Channel News Asia | April 20, 2015
"...Today, Pakistan is a central part of China’s transition from a regional power to a global one, according to author Andrew Small in his book, "The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia's New Geopolitics". He says the country lies at the heart of Beijing’s plans for a network of ports, pipelines, roads and railways connecting the oil and gas fields of the Middle East to the mega-cities of East Asia."
Pakistan’s “all-weather” friendships are under strain
Economist | April 18, 2015
"...As “The China-Pakistan Axis”, a recent book by Andrew Small, makes clear, Pakistan owes its nuclear capability in part to Chinese help. When they talk about this friendship, Pakistani leaders seem about to burst into a torch song: “deeper than the deepest ocean”, “sweeter than honey”, etc. But the romance has hit a rocky patch: witness the difficulty in scheduling a first visit to Pakistan by Xi Jinping, China’s president."
Pakistan far from Losing Relevance
Mainstream Weekly | April 17, 2015
"...Pakistan’s role in two important theatres of geopolitics, the Saudi Arabia-centric West Asia and Afghanistan, has also been strengthened due to the China factor. Andrew Small shows in “The China-Pakistan Axis:Asia’s New Geopolitics” that at a time when Saudi Arabia had no diplomatic relations with China, it was Pakistan which facilitated secret negotiations between Riyadh and Beijing culminating in te sale of Chinese long-range missiles to the former. He writes that Pakistan thus lies at the nexus of Saudi Arabia’s potential nuclear capability; warheads produced by Pakistan can possibly be mated with Chinese-built Saudi missiles in a future scenario."
China Readies $46 Billion for Pakistan Trade Route
Wall Street Journal | April 16, 2015
"...Andrew Small, author of “The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics,” said China was reacting to the perceived failure of Western aid to make a significant difference to Pakistan. “The Chinese response is that you haven’t done it on a large enough scale,” Mr. Small said. “They’re saying that it is only by doing it on this kind of big-bang scale that you’re going to have the transformative economic effect that Pakistan needs.”"
China Invests Billions in Its ‘All-Weather Friendship’ With Pakistan
Foreign Policy | April 16, 2015
"...A fully operational and connected port in Gwadar would allow China to import oil and natural gas from the nearby Middle East while bypassing thousands of miles of potentially vulnerable sea lanes. “This is a vastly ambitious effort to reshape the strategic economic geography of Eurasia and beyond,” said Andrew Small, a China expert at the German Marshall Fund and author of The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia’s New Geopolitics."
Corridor of Uncertainty
India Today | April 2, 2015
"...Increasingly, China has been showing "less sensitivity on economic projects in Kashmir," says Andrew Small, author of the new book The China-Pakistan Axis. The 2005 India-US nuclear deal was one major turning point, according to Small. "From that moment on, China has to think about India not just in terms of the bilateral relationship, but in the context of its biggest strategic concern, the United States and its friends and allies in Asia. That certainly refreshes the old logic for the China-Pakistan relationship-keeping India tied down and off-balance in its own neighbourhood.""
Can China help rebuild Afghanistan?
Radio Free Europe | February 27, 2015
"...Small, author of a new book about Beijing's close alliance with Islamabad, says Beijing's economic investments and political role in the two troubled nations is likely to increase. “We are going to see China playing a much more expansive political and diplomatic role than it ever has in this region before," he said. "In the medium term we are going to see a level of Chinese economic involvement in the region that is in the many multiples of what it was before."
Regional affairs: talking foreign policy on the road to China
The Express Tribune | February 22, 2015
"...Small said China’s foreign policy could transform its foreign policy in the next decade – or even the next five years – because the country was rethinking its political relationship. Commenting on terrorism, he said it had evolved from being a peripheral concern to a central issue. On Pakistan-China ties, he said he felt that the relationship lacked depth because there was no people-to-people contact. “There also exists a huge language barrier,” he said. “Despite this, the relationship seems to be resilient.”"
Quenching Literary Thirst
The Nation | February 22, 2015
"...Among the first ones was a very interesting session: 'Do All Roads lead to China' to coincide with launch of 'The China-Pakistan Axis' authored by Andrew Small, who is considered an authority on Chinese affairs and the emerging trends in China."
Of stars and literature - day two of Lahore LitFest
Pakistan Today | February 21, 2015
"...Technology is forever on our minds and “Virtual Empires,” presented with Jinnah Institute, highlighted some aspects that none of us can escape. The panellists included Hari Kunzru, Barnett Rubin, Pervez Hoodbhoy, Andrew Small, Eberhard Sandschneider, and Rashed Rahman."
Can China help with Afghanistan's peace process?
Deutsche Welle | February 18, 2015
"...Andrew Small, a fellow with the Asia program of German Marshall Fund of the United States, told DW that China was worried about the implications of the West's drawdown in Afghanistan and its effect on Xinjiang province. "Beijing fears that a deteriorating situation there [in Afghanistan] could have destabilizing implications for Xinjiang, China's restive northwestern province, and for the wider region, impacting on China's ambitions for a 'Silk Road economic belt' and risking a proxy war between India and Pakistan," Small said in a DW interview."
China and Pakistan make an oddball but enduring couple
Financial Times | February 11, 2015
"....Andrew Small, author of a book on the relationship, says Beijing has earned real leverage. In 2007, under Chinese pressure, Islamabad raided the Lal Masjid “Red Mosque” after militants kidnapped several Chinese citizens. Chinese pressure has been one factor behind Pakistan’s offensive against militant groups in North Waziristan. For years, the US pushed for the same thing without success. The China-Pakistan axis is worth watching if only because it shows the limits of Beijing’s non-interventionist policy. As it gets sucked into the global whirlpool, it faces the risk of blowback."
Soft power - China's expanding role in the Middle East
Deutsche Welle | February 4, 2015
"...In light of this development, Andrew Small, China expert at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, explains that almost every state in the region has sought to benefit from enhanced trade and investment with China, while attempting to leverage Beijing's geopolitical heft – whether through support in the UN Security Council or a direct security relationship, for instance for Chinese workers in those countries."
The West needs a fresh strategy for Pakistan: report
Express Tribune | November 26, 2014
"...on economic development, Andrew Small argues that the United States and Europe, as the largest providers of development assistance and export destinations, still have a role to play in transforming Pakistan’s economy from its current parlous state. “But this would involve embracing and cooperating with a new wave of regional infrastructure initiatives and economic institutions, often driven by the Gulf States and China,” said the co-author of the report. The United States and Europe can also use their bilateral and multilateral economic leverage to advance efforts at regional integration and connectivity, he argued. “And they can use the military withdrawal from Afghanistan to reorient the relationship around economics and investment, in order to help Pakistan realize its potential as an emerging market,” he said."
As Afghanistan looks for investment, China eyes stability
Al Jazeera | October 29, 2014
"...For China, the commercial ties are not just business opportunities. They also represent part of a broader strategy to help keep stability in a region marked by volatility.“Its [China’s] principal assets are economic and diplomatic,” writes Andrew Small, an analyst with the German Marshal Fund who specializes in China's role in “problem” and fragile states. “The troubles of investing in Afghanistan, however, pale into insignificance by comparison with Beijing’s broader concerns about the future of the region. While China certainly wished to see an end to the presence of Western troops, it is contemplating with mounting concern the fact that it will no longer be able to rely on the Europeans and Americans to contain the worst of the potential outcomes after 2014.”"
Afghanistan: Out with NATO, in with China?
Christian Science Monitor | October 28, 2014
"...Significantly, during his three-day stay in Beijing, Ghani will attend a meeting of the Istanbul Ministerial Process, which China is hosting for the first time. The conclave is considered the most important in the region, attended by the US and EU, for mapping the future of Afghanistan and its neighbors. Beijing’s host role for the meeting “is symbolic of their readiness to take on more responsibility for Afghanistan’s future than they have for the past 15 years,” says Andrew Small, an expert on China’s relationship with its Central Asian neighbors at the German Marshall Fund in Washington."
New Afghan president to head to China
Associated Press | October 27, 2014
"...Andrew Small, a fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, believes the issue of negotiations with the Taliban will be raised in Ghani Ahmadzai’s talks with Chinese officials, as Beijing’s influence on the insurgent group dates back to the 1990s when the Taliban allowed the East Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM), a Uighur militant group seeking independence for Xinjiang, to set up training camps on Afghan soil."
India plus China: Lots of people, but less love
PBS | September 15, 2014
"...But practical issues loom for both, a big one being Pakistan. Analysts Tanvi Madan of Brookings and Andrew Small of the German Marshall Fund both noted how unusual it was for Xi to visit India ahead of Pakistan, its only “all weather” ally in Asia. A planned Xi trip to Pakistan was scrubbed amid political turmoil there. Small and other analysts said Pakistan and the border issues remain “red lines” for Modi and India, but that China is growing increasingly concerned that Pakistan might be stirring Muslim militants in its western regions. The two nations also share an interest in peaceful post-conflict Afghanistan that might run counter to Pakistan’s ambitions."
Closer Look: U.S. Withdrawal from Afghanistan Means Beijing Needs a Plan
Caixin | June 23, 2014
"...Andrew Small, senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, an American think tank, wrote in a recent report that 2014 will be a crucial year in defining Sino-Afghan relations. Not only has the United States set a date for departing, but Afghanistan is to hold a presidential election. To avoid unwanted attention from international terror networks, Small said China will continue to avoid getting involved in security issues, and instead focus on economics and diplomacy."
Recent attacks show China facing new type of bolder and bloodier terror threat
Associated Press | May 2, 2014
"...While these attacks are still relatively crude and bear little sign of specialized training, they seem to have an audaciousness and deliberateness that wasn't present before, said Andrew Small, an expert on China and Central Asia at the German Marshall Fund in Washington, D.C. "The capacity of groups inside China to mount effective, politically targeted attacks does seem to be growing," Small said. "It's a step beyond the sort of localized incidents in western Xinjiang that were taking off a few years ago.""
China President Xi Vows to Crush Separatists After Xinjiang Attack
Wall Street Journal | May 1, 2014
"...The apparent change in tactics in the past few months has raised concern among many security experts that Uighur separatists may be learning from foreign Islamic militant groups, with whom Beijing has long accused them of having links. "You are seeing repeat patterns," said Andrew Small, a fellow with the Asia program at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, a think tank in Washington. "It's not necessarily centrally directed," he said. But there appear to be "similarities in the kinds of attacks" that could suggest they are "separately initiated." In particular, Mr. Small noted the attacks appear to share the characteristics of "civilian targeting," low-grade munitions and sensitive timing."
Anxious China emerges as diplomatic player in Afghanistan
Reuters | April 14, 2014
"...China’s push for a bigger role in Afghanistan is seen by some diplomats as an attempt to show it is a responsible global actor after rattling its own neighbours by asserting claims in the South China Sea. But Andrew Small, a fellow at the German Marshall Fund and author of an upcoming book on Chinese-Pakistan relations, said it is driven by a realization that its own security is at stake.Four years ago, Washington proposed several joint projects, including the construction of schools by China in Aynak – near its proposed copper mines – and teacher training by the US side. It took China almost two years to respond, Small said. Now the two countries work together training Afghan diplomats. “At the end of 2011, the Chinese realized America was leaving and they were getting this dumped on their lap,” he said. “Until then, China had sat completely on the sidelines. They just used to send people to read out statements in meetings.”"
China to punish corrupt officials without mercy: government report
Xinhua | March 5, 2014
"...China has embarked on a frugality drive as part of a popular anti-corruption campaign which targeted both "tigers and flies", referring to high and low ranking corrupt officials. "I think its vigor has certainly surprised everyone," Andrew Small, an expert on China issues from the Washington-based German Marshall Fund of the United States in an email interview. "The challenge is to turn a campaign into something that is more systemic, ensuring that there are right checks and balances in place," Small said."
China Calibrates its Police Response to Train Station Attacks
Wall Street Journal | March 4, 2014
"...But Chinese authorities have yet to explain how they plan to enhance security and stability in a region already so heavily policed. "The problem is: What can they do?" said Andrew Small, Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund. "They've already had their intelligence networks working there. Unless they now take measures to crack down on Uighurs moving around the country or step up surveillance of Uighurs in other parts of China, it's quite difficult to address these kind of attacks.""
Behind the Chinese-Pakistani Nuclear Deal
New York Times | November 27, 2013
"...For China, the reactors planned for Karachi would help cement that alliance and also have a commercial rationale, as a showcase for the ACP-1000 reactor and other Chinese nuclear technology, said Andrew Small, a researcher with the German Marshall Fund of the United States, based in Washington, who is writing a book about Chinese-Pakistani relations. No ACP-1000 reactors have been built, even inside China. “It would be an important overseas project to see whether they would be able to sell it to other countries,” Mr. Small said. He cited Chinese sources involved in dealing with Pakistan as saying: “It’s important. It’s going ahead, it needs to work, because it will be the proving case so that we can have other sales in the Gulf and elsewhere.""